Introduction

It is difficult for beginners to take notes, so this "electronic handout" - containing brief notes, with links to short video clips - may be useful to "refresh the brain" about techniques practiced and to consolidate learning.

It is written to assist beginners who wish to grade for 6th kyu (first grading), but also written as a help to people going for their second grading (5th kyu), and wish to have the basic right before progressing. If there is anything useful here, use it. If anything here creates confusion, ignore it.:)

Uke (receiver of technique). Uke is the person that attacks tori and then receives tori’s response/technique by "taking ukemi". Ukemi literally means "receiving (with your) body". Ukemi is the art of responding fluidly to tori’s technique and developing skills to do so safely – receiving the technique as it is applied, receiving the ground as it is met (via a “throw” or a “pin”).

Tori (executor of technique). The term "tori" comes from the verb toru, meaning "to choose", "to take". When uke attacks, tori chooses the response, takes control, takes uke’s balance, resolves the situation.

Note: In some Aikido traditions, tori is referred to as Nage ("thrower"), or Shite ("performer (of technique)")

As you know, aikido is based on partner practice. We pair off into partners (uke & tori) and practice "training forms".

A number of YouTube videos are embedded in the notes below, accompanied in each case with a direct link to the video. The direct link should be useful if embedding fails (e.g. if the authors decide to disallow embedding in the future).

Standing movement

The following video is a good introduction to standing movement and Tachiwaza training forms (training forms where both Uke & Tori are standing):

Shikko - Walking on the knees.

The following video is a good introduction to shikko, & SuwariWaza training forms (training forms where both Uke & Tori are on their knees).

Meeting the Mat - Breakfalls

Part of Uke's skill in receiving Tori's technique skillfully and safely involves how to meet/ receive the ground skillfully and safely! So ukemi involves "breakfalls". Since the most common breakfalls practiced as basics at the start of a class involve some element of "rolling"  the term "kaiten" (circular/ rolling) is often included:

Training forms - Jargon

When WRITING about a training form, a good way to describe it is:

Attack Response [T/H/S] (Omote/Ura)